研究 Report 2018

pdf
更新
3.13.19

新2网址登陆的工作研究大学

Picture of Kody VarahramyanI am delighted to present the 2018 研究 Report for the University of Maine. This has been an outstanding year for research and scholarly achievements at Maine’s flagship research university. 作为国家的优选地之一, sea and space grant institutions, the University of Maine for over one and a half centuries has been at the forefront of educational advancements, 研究创新和社区影响.

By building on this foundation, and as the unfolding of the 21st Century and its rapidly changing social and economic needs and challenges are taking place, 新2最新网址正在寻求发展和发展为具有全球影响力和地方相关性的21世纪现代研究型大学的战略路线图.

Specifically, 路线图及其支持活动的主要特性包括消除竖井, emphasis on interdisciplinary and integrated research and teaching, 高影响力体验式学习项目, personalized educational paths, 核心/共享研究资源和设施, 研究商业化和经济发展. 本报告着重介绍了这些努力的例子.

作为一所21世纪的现代研究型大学, there has also been emphasis on growth of the research enterprise and its impact on all aspects of the university mission. 2018年,研究支出达到129美元.9 million, 比前一年增长了31%, 正如本报告中提供的例子所示, resulting in significant impact on diverse areas ranging from the energy, environment, marine and forestry sectors, to revitalizing communities, 保存文化并改善人类健康.

了解更多新2最新网址具有影响力的研究和学术成就, 我邀请您访问新2最新网址的研究网页或与新2最新网址联系 research@maine.edu.

Kody Varahramyan
负责研究的副院长和研究生院院长

A world-class research university of global impact and local relevance, resulting in maximum socioeconomic impact on Maine and beyond.


21世纪现代研究型大学

Serving Maine and Beyond

消除筒仓•核心/共享研究资源和设施•高影响力体验学习项目•个性化教育路径•研究商业化•跨学科研究和教学


高影响力体验式学习项目

Developing Skills

本科生将获得亲身体验新2网址登陆海洋的经验

Undergraduate researchers worked throughout the state of Maine in 2018, 专注于从卡斯科湾到东港的研究. The project brought together researchers at the University of Maine, University of Southern Maine and University of Maine at Machias in biotechnology, aquaculture and marine technology, 以及环境技术部门, 体现跨学科方法的优势.

In 2018, Science for Economic Impact and Application (SEA) Fellows collected ocean data, explored the development of a new fishery of the invasive green crab, 研究了大西洋蛏子的培养方法, 研究了沿海海豹种群的变化, and looked at microbial and shellfish ecology in the Damariscotta River Estuary and other coastal Maine waters.

为学生提供这种实践学习的机会,可以通过协作工作促进研究, 并使学生成为成功的专业人士和终生学习者,因为他们在课堂之外的学习体验非常宝贵.

Information generated by the projects will provide data that can be used in a larger research project proposal.

“这项提议可能会对新2网址登陆沿海社区产生重大影响,” says Brian Beal, 新2网址登陆大学马基亚斯分校海洋科学教授.

Read more


强调跨学科研究和教学

Shaping Communities

Interdisciplinary research: addressing the problem of rural youth leaving the state

Dominic Gayton, Owen VanDerAa和Ismael Thadal正在研究学校如何能更多地参与社区的经济前景和学生的未来.

该项目是独特的,因为本科生团队成员的跨学科背景. 盖伊顿主修经济学,范德阿主修生态学和环境科学,而塔达尔主修心理学.

Together, 该团队的成员关注农村森林经济,因为他们解决了外迁问题,并将其与教育系统联系起来,看看是否有相关性. They want to understand the “why” — not just the numbers — and how students can have brighter futures in their hometowns.

“It’s very personal to me,” says Gayton, who is from Calais, Maine. “It’s affecting my community and I want to see how communities are going to develop and make changes to the economy.”

新2最新网址设计了跨学科本科生研究合作项目,为本科生提供动手学习的机会. Our students work in a team environment taking on the major challenges of our day. 这个项目证明了他们的努力, tackling the challenge of out-migration of younger generations and re-imagining how the education system could help deter this.

Kody Varahramyan 负责研究的副院长和研究生院院长

Read more


Personalized Educational Paths

Discovering Potential

Finding a passion for research: With invaluable faculty support, 一位大学生通过研究发现了自己的使命

这是你能拥有的最好的经历. 你培养自己的科学家技能, 但更重要的是,你正在建立你的自信, 学习与同伴建立关系,以及如何寻求帮助.

Sarai Smith

萨拉·史密斯从马萨诸塞州的埃姆斯伯里小镇来到了位于奥罗诺的新2网址登陆大学. Shy, homesick and lonely, she struggled academically her first year of college. Then, she found something she was passionate about: research.

In the spring of her first year, she took Phage Genomics, 一年级生物的两学期课程, microbiology, 生物化学或分子细胞生物学专业, 以及荣誉学院的STEM专业.

“Immediately, everything just clicked for me,” says Smith, 谁是微生物学和生物化学双学位.

基因组学助理教授萨利·莫洛伊(Sally Molloy)没有注意到史密斯的潜力. 她给史密斯提供了一个在她的实验室参与研究的机会——这对本科生来说是一个关键时刻.

“It feels really, 能够为学生研究人员提供这些机会和支持真是太好了,” says Molloy. “We can now ask some of these bigger questions we wouldn’t be able to otherwise.”

“这是一个很好的例子,在新2最新网址敬业的教师的指导下,UMaine的本科生有机会通过研究经验学习,” says Kody Varahramyan, 负责研究的副院长兼研究生院院长.

Read more


Removal of Silos

Joining Forces

Breaking down silos: interdisciplinary team tackles food waste

“为了解决问题,新2最新网址都必须互相倾听. To change the world, you have to understand where everyone is coming from and how to communicate in a language we can all understand.”

Deborah Saber, 项目首席研究员, “让新2网址登陆的本地食品系统可持续发展:解决饥饿和减少浪费的机会”

A team composed of mentors and students from a diverse pool of fields is collaborating to find solutions to food waste and hunger.

Representatives from civil and environmental engineering, anthropology,
气候变化的人类层面, 护理, food and agriculture, 化学与生物医学工程, ecology and environmental science, 经济学都为这个项目带来了独特的视角.

通过打破学习中的竖井结构, the whole interdisciplinary team learns to work forward a common research goal.

“这个项目是一个很好的例子,表明来自不同学科的乌迈因教师如何联合起来,寻找解决主要社会问题的创新方案,” says Kody Varahramyan, 负责研究的副院长兼研究生院院长. “通过这样做,新2最新网址也为新2最新网址的本科生提供了参与这些努力的机会, 谁通过为开发的解决方案做出贡献而获得宝贵的学习经验.”

Read more


Humanities

Preserving Cultures

协作团队将传统的Penobscot语言故事翻译成双语书

A collaborative effort between UMaine researcher Margo luken, professor of English, 和佩诺布斯科特民族的卡罗尔·达纳希望重新点燃佩诺布斯科特语言,并继续传承一些重要的佩诺布斯科特故事的传统.

luken, who is also director of the Clement and Linda McGillicuddy Humanities Center, says this publication will be the first set in modern Penobscot notation, 除了即将出版的《新2最新网址》. They are creating a modern-day bilingual book showcasing tales of Gluskabe, 佩诺布斯科特部落的文化英雄.

Gluskabe’s adventures are lessons in sustainable practices for the Earth; teach the origin of creatures, landmarks and the way people live in the Dawnland; and honor the wisdom that comes from the teachings of his grandmother. Grandmothers, nohkəməssisək, 佩诺布斯科特家族的族长是否也在部落决策中发挥了强大的作用. They even held veto power
决定是否参战. 所有这些主题在今天仍然具有重要意义,并且适合所有年龄和文化背景的人.

“These traditional stories published in modern notation will have great impact. Increased access to these materials will make Penobscot culture, 世界可以看到历史和当代的存在.”

Margo luken,英语教授

Read more


艺术

Showcasing History

通过在世界舞台上的研究和表演,大屠杀受害者的音乐得到了恢复

Pianist Phillip Silver, a professor of music in the University of Maine School of Performing 艺术, 研究大屠杀受害者的音乐,并通过在世界各地的舞台上表演来纪念这些艺术家的遗产. 2018年11月,纽约卡内基音乐厅, 西尔弗和其他著名艺术家一起表演了“自由的时光:特雷津作曲家的故事”,” showcasing the works of 15 composers who were imprisoned in the Theresienstadt (Terezin) Concentration Camp during WWII.

“So many composers were concentrated in that camp at its height. 如果新2最新网址不演奏这些作品,就等于是第二次杀死这些作曲家.”

Phillip Silver, Professor of Music, whose research for the past 20 years has focused on reclaiming for posterity the works of composers who lost their lives in the Holocaust.

Read more


16个主要研究中心和机构

环境:•水产养殖研究所•可持续森林研究中心•气候变化研究所•新2网址登陆海基金•参议员乔治J. Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions Science and Engineering: • Advanced Manufacturing Center • Advanced Structures and Composites Center • Forest Bioproducts 研究 Institute • Innovative Media 研究 and Commercialization Center • Laboratory for Surface Science and Technology • National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis 研究 Health and Well-being: • Center for Community Inclusion and Disability Studies • Center on Aging • Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center Education: • Center for Undergraduate 研究 • Maine Center for 研究 in STEM Education


Graduate Programs

35 Doctoral degrees
87 Master’s degrees
学生就业和实习排名第一的州——CNBC, 2018年
#1 safest state in the U.S.-经济与和平研究所
Students from 62+ countries
88% full-time doctorate faculty
100+ research labs

Learn more

Spotlight: Graduate School of Biomedical Science and Engineering

世界一流的生物医学教育在美丽的新2网址登陆

GSBSE is a unique University of Maine graduate program in collaboration with research and academic institutions in Maine. These are the Jackson Laboratory, 新2网址登陆医学中心研究所, Mount Desert Island生物实验室, 以及新英格兰大学. 来自全国和全球的学生都被GSBSE提供的创新项目所吸引, including the Ph.D. 在生物医学科学和Ph值.D. in Biomedical Engineering. They gain invaluable knowledge and experience through cutting-edge research, guided by renowned faculty, in first-rate facilities. 研究领域包括分子生物学和细胞生物学, Bioinformatics and Genomics, Toxicology, Neuroscience, and Biomedical Engineering.

gsbse.nsfa.www.freedomscrossing.com


重点报道:先进结构与复合材料中心

Leading Innovation

The UMaine Advanced Structures and Composites Center wins $14.2 million U.S. 交通部奖成立了一个大学交通中心

In June 2018, the U.S. Department of Transportation awarded the University of Maine $14.在未来五年内,他将领导创建一个竞争激烈的大学交通中心(UTC),名为交通基础设施耐久性中心(TIDC),. 这是尤迈因第一次被选为这个超过30年的项目的负责人.

由美国新2网址登陆大学牵头的联盟还包括其他五所新英格兰大学:马萨诸塞大学洛厄尔分校, University of Connecticut, University of Rhode Island, 佛蒙特大学和西新英格兰大学. 与新英格兰州DOTs合作, TIDC will advance state-of-the- art transportation research and technology to extend the life of transportation assets, including roads and bridges. TIDC将利用来自新英格兰所有州的28名教员研究人员的经验,并培训280名学生研究人员,通过延长新2最新网址的运输资产的寿命,帮助节省纳税人的钱.

Read more

Enhancing Industry

新2最新网址继续引领下一代海上风能技术的发展, 准备在新2网址登陆开创一个新产业

UMaine’s Advanced Structures and Composites Center (ASCC) was awarded a $40 million milestones-based grant from the U.S. 美国能源部将在距新2网址登陆海岸14英里处部署两个6兆瓦的浮动涡轮机. Offshore wind energy represents Maine’s largest untapped energy resource.

The wind in the Gulf of Maine has the potential to generate up to 156 gigawatts of electricity — enough energy to power the state 65 times over. Most of Maine’s offshore wind resource, and nearly 60 percent of the U.S. 海上风力资源,位于深水,只有浮动涡轮机可以使用.

For over 10 years, UMaine领导了VolturnUS浮动混凝土船体专利技术的开发,该技术可以在150英尺或更深的水下支持风力涡轮机. While UMaine leads in the development of floating offshore wind technology, states along the East Coast are making significant progress forward achieving ambitious offshore wind goals using fixed-bottom technologies.

The convergence of UMaine’s established expertise in floating offshore wind, decreasing building costs, and commitments to reduce carbon emissions poise Maine to lead in the burgeoning U.S. floating offshore wind industry.

Read more

Creating Jobs

Navatek hires UMaine grads

先进结构和复合材料中心(ASCC)帮助新2网址登陆吸引了一项新业务. 作为与新2最新网址和前街造船厂正式合作的结果, Navatek Ltd., 这是一家位于夏威夷的研发公司, 通过在波特兰和奥罗诺开设两个办事处,扩大了在新2网址登陆的实体存在, and hiring 16 new employees, nine of whom are UMaine engineering graduates and ASCC interns.

纳瓦泰克与新2最新网址的非正式关系已有近20年. We are pleased to finally set two offices in the state and establish a formal working partnership with the university, 先进结构与复合材料中心, and working with Dr. Habib Dagher和他的团队,”Navatek Ltd的总裁兼首席执行官Martin Kao说. “The university has been an excellent source of talent in the state, and we’re happy to welcome this initial class of scientists and engineers to the Navatek family and keep many of them here in their home state. 新2最新网址很荣幸也很兴奋能招聘到未来的毕业生.”

Advancing Technology

Boatbuilders explore 3D printing

University of Maine’s Advanced Structures and Composites Center (ASCC) received $500,该项目由新2网址登陆技术研究所(Maine Technology Institute)资助,旨在建立一个技术集群,帮助新2网址登陆造船厂探索如何使用经济的大规模3D打印技术, wood-filled plastics can provide the industry with a competitive advantage.

Small to medium boat-building companies are often challenged by the cost and lead time required to create traditional marine tools and boat molds. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, 可以帮助大幅度减少制造船只模具所需的生产时间多达75%吗, according to ASCC researchers.

解决大规模3D打印成本高的问题, ASCC在一系列经济的木质填充原料的开发方面处于领先地位. 木质填料的使用大大降低了成本,增加了材料的刚度/韧性,同时减少了对环境的影响,提高了可回收性. UMaine’s vital research in bio-based materials prompted the U.S. 美国能源部的橡树岭国家实验室将与ASCC合作,推进以生物为基础的增材制造,并为该州的林产品部门培育一个新产业.

Read more

Building Bridges

University of Maine successfully tests innovative 72-Hour Bridge

In August 2018, 新2网址登陆大学公布并测试了一项创新, rapidly deployable bridge system designed at 先进结构与复合材料中心 (ASCC) and made possible by research sponsored by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The lightweight composite bridge girder was able to withstand forces up to 376,000 pounds before breaking/failing (equal to 94 cars stacked on each other), 7.5 times the design and load requirements from the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.

快速展开的桥梁系统, aptly named the 72-Hour Bridge, can be built in less than three days and is designed to last 100 years with
little to no maintenance. 桥梁系统利用了复合材料和预制混凝土的独特性能, 设计时考虑到了建筑物流. 重量只是传统钢梁的一小部分, 组合梁可以堆叠, shipped and erected with locally sourced common rental cranes. The first installation of the bridge system is already planned in 2019 by the Maine Department of Transportation.

Read more

Revitalizing Economy

新2网址登陆大学从美国联邦政府收到454532美元.S. 为新2网址登陆Mass Timber商业化中心设计的EDA

In October 2017, the University of Maine was awarded a $454,532 grant from the U.S. Economic Development Administration (EDA) for the creation of the Maine Mass Timber Commercialization Center (MMTCC). MMTCC将各种区域利益相关方聚集在一起,通过在大型建筑项目中加速使用来自新2网址登陆的创新型大规模木材产品来振兴和多样化新2网址登陆的森林经济.

These innovative products include engineered wood composites, 如交叉层压木材(CLT), which can replace traditional construction materials like steel and concrete. 先进木材产品的开发将使新2网址登陆在北美大众木材市场上更具竞争力,并产生积极的经济影响, 特别是在新2网址登陆的农村社区. CLT制造工厂将为伐木工、卡车司机、劳工等创造就业机会.

Funding for MMTCC is a result of the EDA’s effort to leverage federal resources to support the economic revitalization of Maine’s mill communities.


Marine Sciences Spotlight

The School of Marine Science’s Ocean Observing System is at the forefront of national development of real-time monitoring systems.

UMaine’s system utilizes an unusual diversity of sensors and platforms that record conditions in the Gulf of Maine in real time, informing fishers, 科学家和天气预报员.

In the past year, 该系统为海上风电的发展提供了关键的背景数据.

Faculty members in the School of Marine Sciences were heavily involved in activities supporting Maine’s marine economy:
•陈勇(Yong Chen)的缅因湾大西洋鲱鱼和北方对虾种群评估模型,为大西洋各州海洋渔业委员会(Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission)提供了指导方针.
• Richard Wahle’s American Lobster Settlement Index monitors lobster repopulation, and made significant contributions to research on lobster population dynamics and effects of climate change on the lobster fishery.
•保罗·罗森(Paul Rawson)的工作通过改进东部牡蛎养殖的承载能力模型,支持了新2网址登陆贝类养殖业的物种多样化和增长.
• Andrew Thomas recently applied remote sensing techniques to assist aquaculture development in Maine and Alaska.
•达米安•布雷迪的研究已被水产养殖业用于开发选址的新工具.
• Heather Leslie chaired the Alliance for Maine’s Marine Economy, a partnership involving university and nonprofit research institutions, 商业捕鱼和水产养殖利益, community-based organizations and private-sector businesses in Maine.

Faculty in the School of Food and Agriculture obtained funding to support aquaculture food- product production and research development

对消费者对国产鱼和进口鱼的偏好进行了评估, 对水产产品及海鲜标签的反应, 愿意为本地和可持续的海鲜买单, 以及牡蛎生产的效率.

食品科学和人类营养教授玛丽·艾伦·卡米尔与海苔一起工作, a Maine company, 探讨了海带粉在低水分食品中作为营养补充的技术和市场可行性.

水产养殖研究所(ARI)是新2网址登陆大学水产养殖的代言人. ARI conducts, 支持和促进水产养殖业可持续发展的研究, while providing leadership and coordination for education and outreach efforts.

可持续生态水产养殖网络

80 undergraduate researchers placed with academic and industry partners through Maine EPSCoR由美国国家科学基金会资助的可持续生态水产养殖网络(SEANET)每年资助.

Healthy Communities:
Social Dimensions of Aquaculture
•风险沟通和认知
• Sustainable development
• Policy and regulation
• Food safety and nutrition

Healthy Ecosystems:
水产养殖的生态维度
• Productivity
• Ecosystem modeling
• Ecosystem services
• Climate resilience

2018 saw the completion of Maine’s first state-of-the-art Ocean Acidification (OA) Lab based at the Aquaculture 研究 Center (ARC) in 作品设计方.

The project was a two-year effort to install four recirculating systems that are temperature and pH controlled.


Healthy Aging

由尤迈因衰老中心支持的研究

Liz DePoy’s passion for farming led to her research on aging Maine Farmers. This groundbreaking project studies aging farmers in rural communities. She hopes this will result in programs and services in support of those communities.
Read more

艾米莉·黑格调查了老年人对压力和悲伤的反应,以解开有关心理健康的线索.
Read more

丽贝卡·麦考利(Rebecca MacAulay)的CARE实验室(CARE Lab)将新2网址登陆的老年人口与新2网址登陆的研究联系起来,以研究老年人的大脑健康和用于诊断痴呆症的工具.
Read more


核心/共享研究资源和设施

The University of Maine has an extensive set of major research equipment and resources made available through CORE.

CORE将新2最新网址的主要研究设备和设施集中起来,以便任何人都能更容易地找到和使用——无论是内部研究人员还是工作人员, or external clients who want access to this equipment for their own research.

The goal is to become a one-stop shop for access to these critical research tools.

Learn more